Section 140 of GST – Transitional arrangements for input tax credit

Section 140 of GST – Transitional arrangements for input tax credit. Complete Details for GST Section 140 as per GST Act 2017. In this GST Section you may find all details for Transitional arrangements for input tax credit as per GST Act 2017Detailed Analysis of GST Section 140 of GST Act 2017. We Provide Complete Details for All GST Section’s and In this article you may find all details for GST Section 140Check Section Wise Analysis of GST Act 2017, Chapter Wise Analysis of GST All Sections. in this article you may find complete details regarding Section 140 of GST Act 2017 – Transitional arrangements for input tax credit, gst all sections and definitionsNow Check more details from below…..

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Section 140 of GST – Transitional arrangements for input tax credit

Statutory provision

140 (1)Carry forward of tax credit claimed in the tax returns
140 (2)Carry forward of unavailed tax credit in relation to capital goods
140 (3)Carry forward of tax credit by a registered person, who was not liable to be registered under the erstwhile law like dealing in exempted goods under erstwhile law but the same has become liable under GST.
140 (4)Carry forward of tax credit by a registered person, who was engaged in the manufacture of taxable as well as exempted goods or provision of taxable as well as exempted service but which are liable to tax under GST.
140 (5)Tax credit in respect of inputs or input services received on or after the appointed day but the duty or tax in respect of which has been paid by the supplier under the erstwhile law.
140 (6)Carry forward of tax credit by a registered person, who was either paying tax at a fixed rate or paying a fixed amount in lieu of the tax payable under the erstwhile law.
140 (7)Tax credit on account of any services received prior to the appointed day by an ISD.
140 (8)Carry forward of tax credit in case of service provider registered on centralised basis
140 (9)Tax credit reversed due to non-payment of the consideration within a period of three months under Finance Act, 1994
140 (10)The amount of credit under sub-sections (3), (4) and (6) shall be calculated in such manner as may be prescribed.

 

(1). Amount of CENVAT credit carried forward in the return allowed as input tax credit.

A registered person, other than a person opting to pay tax under section 10, shall be entitled to take, in his electronic credit ledger, the amount of CENVAT credit of eligible duties 2carried forward in the return relating to the period ending with the day immediately preceding the appointed day, furnished by him under the erstwhile law in such manner as may be prescribed.
Provided that the registered person shall not be allowed to take credit in the following circumstances, namely:—

  • (i) where the said amount of credit is not admissible as input tax credit under this Act; or
  • (ii) where he has not furnished all the returns required under the existing law for the period of six months immediately preceding the appointed date; or
  • (iii) where the said amount of credit relates to goods manufactured and cleared under such exemption notifications as are notified by the Government

(2). Credit of unavailed CENVAT credit in respect of capital goods, not carried forward in a return, shall be allowed.

A registered person, other than a person opting to pay tax under section 10, shall be entitled to take, in his electronic credit ledger, credit of the unavailed CENVAT credit in respect of capital goods, not carried forward in a return, furnished under the existing law by him, for the period ending with the day immediately preceding the appointed day in such manner as may be prescribed:

Provided that the registered person shall not be allowed to take credit unless the said credit was admissible as CENVAT credit under the existing law and is also admissible as input tax credit under this Act.

Explanation – For the purposes of this sub-section, the expression “unavailed CENVAT credit” means the amount that remains after subtracting the amount of CENVAT credit already availed in respect of capital goods by the taxable person under the existing law from the aggregate amount of CENVAT credit to which the said person was entitled in respect of the said capital goods under the existing law.

(3). Credit of eligible duties in respect of inputs held in stock allowed in certain situations

A registered person, who was not liable to be registered under the existing law, or who was engaged in the manufacture of exempted goods or provision of exempted services, or who was providing works contract service and was availing of the benefit of Notification No. 26/2012-Service Tax, dated 20.06.2012 or a first stage dealer or a second stage dealer or a registered importer, or a depot of a manufacturer, shall be entitled to take, in his electronic credit ledger, credit of eligible duties in respect of inputs held in stock and inputs contained in semi-finished or finished goods held in stock on the appointed day subject to the following conditions, namely-:

  • (i) such inputs and / or goods are used or intended to be used for making taxable supplies under this Act;
  • (ii) the said registered person is eligible for input tax credit on such inputs under this Act;
  • (iii) the said registered person is in possession of invoice and/or other prescribed documents evidencing payment of duty under the existing law in respect of such inputs;
  • (iv) such invoices and /or other prescribed documents were issued not earlier than twelve months immediately preceding the appointed day; and
  • (v) the supplier of services is not eligible for any abatement under the Act:

Provided that where a registered person, other than a manufacturer or a supplier of services, is not in possession of an invoice or any other documents evidencing payment of duty in respect of inputs, then such registered person shall, subject to such conditions, limitations and safeguards as may be prescribed, including that the said taxable person shall pass on the benefit of such credit by way of reduced prices to the recipient, be allowed to take credit at such rate and in such manner as may be prescribed.

Explanation. —The expression “eligible duties” means––

  • (i) the additional duty of excise leviable under section 3 of the Additional Duties of Excise (Goods of Special Importance) Act, 1957;
  • (ii) the additional duty leviable under sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Customs Tariff Act, 1975;
  • (iii) the additional duty leviable under sub-section (5) of section 3 of the Customs Tariff Act, 1975
  • (iv) the additional duty of excise leviable under section 3 of the Additional Duties of Excise (Textile and Textile Articles) Act, 1978;6
  • (iv) the duty of excise specified in the First Schedule to the Central Excise Tariff Act, 1985;
  • (v) the duty of excise specified in the Second Schedule to the Central Excise Tariff Act, 1985; and
  • (vi) the National Calamity Contingent Duty leviable under section 136 of the Finance Act, 2001,

in respect of inputs held in stock and inputs contained in semi-finished or finished goods held in stock on the appointed day

(4) Credit of eligible duties and taxes in respect of inputs held in stock allowed in certain situations

A registered person, who was engaged in the manufacture of taxable as well as exempted goods under the Central Excise Act, 1944 or provision of taxable as well as exempted services under Chapter V of Finance Act, 1994, but which are liable to tax under this Act shall be entitled to take, in his electronic credit ledger,-

(a) the amount of CENVAT credit carried forward in a return furnished under the existing law by him in accordance with the provisions of sub-section (1); and

(b) the amount of CENVAT credit of eligible duties in respect of inputs held in stock and inputs contained in semi-finished or finished goods held in stock on the appointed day, relating to such exempted goods or services, in accordance with the provisions of sub-section (3).

Explanation. —The expression “eligible duties” means––

  • (i) the additional duty of excise leviable under section 3 of the Additional Duties of Excise (Goods of Special Importance) Act, 1957;
  • (ii) the additional duty leviable under sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Customs Tariff Act, 1975;
  • (iii) the additional duty leviable under sub-section (5) of section 3 of the Customs Tariff Act, 1975
  • (iv) the additional duty of excise leviable under section 3 of the Additional Duties of Excise (Textile and Textile Articles) Act, 1978;7
  • (iv) the duty of excise specified in the First Schedule to the Central Excise Tariff Act, 1985;
  • (v) the duty of excise specified in the Second Schedule to the Central Excise Tariff Act, 1985; and
  • (vi) the National Calamity Contingent Duty leviable under section 136 of the Finance Act, 2001,
    in respect of inputs held in stock and inputs contained in semi-finished or finished goods held in stock on the appointed day

(5). Credit of eligible duties and taxes in respect of inputs or input services during transit

A registered person shall be entitled to take, in his electronic credit ledger, credit of eligible duties and taxes in respect of inputs or input services received on or after the appointed day but the duty or tax in respect of which has been paid by the supplier under the existing law, subject to the condition that the invoice or any other duty or tax paying document of the same was recorded in the books of accounts of such person within a period of thirty days from the appointed day:

Provided that the period of thirty days may, on sufficient cause being shown, be extended by the commissioner for a further period not exceeding thirty days.

Provided Further that said registered person shall furnish a statement, in such manner as may be prescribed, in respect of credit that has been taken under this sub-section.

Explanation 2. —The expression “eligible duties and taxes” means––

(i) the additional duty of excise leviable under section 3 of the Additional Duties of Excise (Goods of Special Importance) Act, 1957;
(ii) the additional duty leviable under sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Customs Tariff Act, 1975;
(iii) the additional duty leviable under sub-section (5) of section 3 of the Customs Tariff Act, 1975;
(iv) the additional duty of excise leviable under section 3 of the Additional Duties of Excise (Textile and Textile Articles) Act, 1978;
(v) the duty of excise specified in the First Schedule to the Central Excise Tariff Act, 1985;
(vi) the duty of excise specified in the Second Schedule to the Central Excise Tariff Act, 1985;
(vii) the National Calamity Contingent Duty leviable under section 136 of the Finance Act, 2001; and
(viii) the service tax leviable under section 66B of the Finance Act, 1994,

in respect of inputs and input services received on or after the appointed day.

(6). Credit of eligible duties and taxes on inputs held in stock to be allowed to a registered person switching over from composition scheme

A registered person, who was either paying tax at a fixed rate or paying a fixed amount in lieu of the tax payable under the existing law, shall be entitled to take, in his electronic credit ledger, credit of eligible duties in respect of inputs held in stock and inputs contained in semi-finished or finished goods held in stock on the appointed day subject to the following conditions, namely:

(i) such inputs or goods are used or intended to be used for making taxable supplies under this Act;
(ii) the said registered person is not paying tax under section 10;
(iii) the said registered person is eligible for input tax credit on such inputs under this Act;
(iv) the said registered person is in possession of invoice or other prescribed documents evidencing payment of duty under the existing law in respect of inputs; and
(v) such invoices or other prescribed documents were issued not earlier than twelve months immediately preceding the appointed day.

Explanation. —The expression “eligible duties” means––

  • (i) the additional duty of excise leviable under section 3 of the Additional Duties of Excise (Goods of Special Importance) Act, 1957;
  • (ii) the additional duty leviable under sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Customs Tariff Act, 1975;
  • (iii) the additional duty leviable under sub-section (5) of section 3 of the Customs Tariff Act, 1975
  • (iv) the additional duty of excise leviable under section 3 of the Additional Duties of Excise (Textile and Textile Articles) Act, 1978;9
  • (v) the duty of excise specified in the First Schedule to the Central Excise Tariff Act, 1985;
  • (vi) the duty of excise specified in the Second Schedule to the Central Excise Tariff Act, 1985; and
  • (vii) the National Calamity Contingent Duty leviable under section 136 of the Finance Act, 2001,
    in respect of inputs held in stock and inputs contained in semi-finished or finished goods held in stock on the appointed day

(7). Credit distribution of service tax by Input Service Distributor.

Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in this Act, the input tax credit on account of any services received prior to the appointed day by an Input Service Distributor shall be eligible for distribution as credit under this Act even if the invoices relating to such services are received on or after the appointed day.

(8). Provision for transfer of unutilized CENVAT Credit by a registered person having centralized registration under the earlier law

Where a registered person having centralized registration under the existing law has obtained a registration under this Act, such person shall be allowed to take, in his electronic credit ledger, credit of the amount of CENVAT credit carried forward in a return, furnished under the existing law by him, in respect of the period ending with the day immediately preceding the appointed day in such manner as may be prescribed:

Provided that if the registered person furnishes his return for the period ending with the day immediately preceding the appointed day within three months of the appointed day, such credit shall be allowed subject to the condition that the said return is either an original return or a revised return where the credit has been reduced from that claimed earlier:

Provided further that the registered person shall not be allowed to take credit unless the said amount is admissible as input tax credit under this Act:

Provided also that such credit may be transferred to any of the registered persons having the same Permanent Account Number for which the centralized registration was obtained under the existing law.

(9) Reclaiming CENVAT credit reversed due to non-payment of consideration

Where any CENVAT credit availed for the input services provided under the existing law has been reversed due to non-payment of the consideration within a period of three months, such credit can be reclaimed subject to the condition that the registered person has made the payment of the consideration for that supply of services within a period of three months from the appointed day.