Key Features of GST, Benefits of GST or Main Features of GST
Key Features of GST and Benefits of GST, Salient Features of GST, features of gst in india. Goods and Service Tax is also known as GST in a Canadian value added tax on most goods and services sold for domestic consumption. Here we are Providing Features of Goods and Service Tax (GST) and also provide benefits of Goods and Service Tax (GST). Check out key features of the proposed GST model and Benefits to Traders and Government. Now you can scroll down below n check more details regarding “Key Features of GST and Benefits of GST”
Main Features of GST
- (i) GST would be applicable on “supply” of goods or services as against the present concept of tax on the manufacture of goods or on sale of goods or on provision of services.
- (ii) GST would be based on the principle of destination based consumption taxation as against the present principle of origin-based taxation.
- (iii) It would be a dual GST with the Centre and the States simultaneously levying it on a common base. The GST to be levied by the Centre would be called Central GST (central tax- CGST) and that to be levied by the States [including Union territories with legislature] would be called State GST (state tax- SGST). Union territories without legislature would levy Union territory GST (union territory tax- UTGST).
- (iv) An Integrated GST (integrated tax- IGST) would be levied on inter-State supply (including stock transfers) of goods or services. This would be collected by the Centre so that the credit chain is not disrupted.
- (v) Import of goods would be treated as inter-State supplies and would be subject to IGST in addition to the applicable customs duties.
- (vi) Import of services would be treated as inter-State supplies and would be subject to IGST.
- (vii) CGST, SGST /UTGST& IGST would be levied at rates to be mutually agreed upon by the Centre and the States under the aegis of the GSTC.
- (viii) GST would replace the following taxes currently levied and collected by the Centre: Page 5 of 11
- a) Central Excise Duty;
- b) Duties of Excise (Medicinal and Toilet Preparations);
- c) Additional Duties of Excise (Goods of Special Importance);
- d) Additional Duties of Excise (Textiles and Textile Products);
- e) Additional Duties of Customs (commonly known as CVD);
- f) Special Additional Duty of Customs (SAD);
- g) Service Tax;
- h) Cesses and surcharges insofar as they relate to supply of goods or services.
- (ix) State taxes that would be subsumed within the GST are:
- a) State VAT;
- b) Central Sales Tax;
- c) Purchase Tax;
- d) Luxury Tax;
- e) Entry Tax (All forms);
- f) Entertainment Tax (except those levied by the local bodies);
- g) Taxes on advertisements;
- h) Taxes on lotteries, betting and gambling;
- i) State cesses and surcharges insofar as they relate to supply of goods or services.
- (x) GST would apply to all goods and services except Alcohol for human consumption.
- (xi) GST on five specified petroleum products (Crude, Petrol, Diesel, ATF & Natural gas) would be applicable from a date to be recommended by the GSTC.
- (xii) Tobacco and tobacco products would be subject to GST. In addition, the Centre would continue to levy Central Excise duty.
- (xiii) A common threshold exemption would apply to both CGST and SGST. Taxpayers with an annual turnover of Rs. 20 lakh (Rs. 10 lakh for special category States (except J&K) as specified in article 279A of the Constitution) would be exempt from GST. A compounding option (i.e. to pay tax at a flat rate without credits) would be available to small taxpayers (including to manufacturers other than specified category of manufacturers and service providers) having an annual turnover of up to Rs. 75 lakh (Rs. 50 lakh for special category States (except J&K and Uttarakhand) enumerated in article 279A of the Constitution). The threshold exemption and compounding scheme would be optional. Page 6 of 11
- (xiv) The list of exempted goods and services would be kept to a minimum and it would be harmonized for the Centre and the States as well as across States as far as possible.
- (xv) All Exports and supplies to SEZs and SEZ units would be zero-rated.
- (xvi) Credit of CGST paid on inputs may be used only for paying CGST on the output and the credit of SGST/UTGST paid on inputs may be used only for paying SGST/UTGST. In other words, the two streams of input tax credit (ITC) cannot be cross utilized, except in specified circumstances of inter-State supplies for payment of IGST. The credit would be permitted to be utilized in the following manner:
- a) ITC of CGST allowed for payment of CGST & IGST in that order;
- b) ITC of SGST allowed for payment of SGST & IGST in that order;
- c) ITC of UTGST allowed for payment of UTGST & IGST in that order;
- d) ITC of IGST allowed for payment of IGST, CGST & SGST/UTGST in that order. ITC of CGST cannot be used for payment of SGST/UTGST and vice versa.
- (xvii) Accounts would be settled periodically between the Centre and the State to ensure that the credit of SGST used for payment of IGST is transferred by the originating State to the Centre. Similarly the IGST used for payment of SGST would be transferred by Centre to the destination State. Further the SGST portion of IGST collected on B2C supplies would also be transferred by Centre to the destination State. The transfer of funds would be carried out on the basis of information contained in the returns filed by the taxpayers.
- (xviii) Input Tax Credit (ITC) to be broad based by making it available in respect of taxes paid on any supply of goods or services or both used or intended to be used in the course or furtherance of business.
- (xix) Electronic filing of returns by different class of persons at different cut-off dates.
- (xx) Various modes of payment of tax available to the taxpayer including internet banking, debit/ credit card and National Electronic Funds Transfer (NEFT) / Real Time Gross Settlement (RTGS).
- (xxi) Obligation on certain persons including government departments, local authorities and government agencies, who are recipients of supply, to deduct tax at the rate of 1% from the payment made or credited to the supplier where total value of supply, under a contract, exceeds two lakh and fifty thousand rupees. The provision for TDS has not been notified yet. Page 7 of 11
- (xxii) Refund of tax to be sought by taxpayer or by any other person who has borne the incidence of tax within two years from the relevant date.
- (xxiii) Obligation on electronic commerce operators to collect ‘tax at source’, at such rate not exceeding two per cent. (2%) of net value of taxable supplies, out of payments to suppliers supplying goods or services through their portals. The provision for TCS has not been notified yet.
- (xxiv) System of self-assessment of the taxes payable by the registered person.
- (xxv) Audit of registered persons to be conducted in order to verify compliance with the provisions of Act.
- (xxvi) Limitation period for raising demand is three (3) years from the due date of filing of annual return or from the date of erroneous refund for raising demand for short-payment or non-payment of tax or erroneous refund and its adjudication in normal cases.
- (xxvii) Limitation period for raising demand is five (5) years from the due date of filing of annual return or from the date of erroneous refund for raising demand for short-payment or non-payment of tax or erroneous refund and its adjudication in case of fraud, suppression or willful mis-statement.
- (xxviii) Arrears of tax to be recovered using various modes including detaining and sale of goods, movable and immovable property of defaulting taxable person.
- (xxix) Goods and Services Tax Appellate Tribunal would be constituted by the Central Government for hearing appeals against the orders passed by the Appellate Authority or the Revisional Authority. States would adopt the provisions relating to Tribunal in respective SGST Act.
- (xxx) Provision for penalties for contravention of the provision of the proposed legislation has been made.
- (xxxi) Advance Ruling Authority would be constituted by States in order to enable the taxpayer to seek a binding clarity on taxation matters from the department. Centre would adopt such authority under CGST Act.
- (xxxii) An anti-profiteering clause has been provided in order to ensure that business passes on the benefit of reduced tax incidence on goods or services or both to the consumers.
- (xxxiii) Elaborate transitional provisions have been provided for smooth transition of existing taxpayers to GST regime.
Benefits of GST
GST will bring numerous benefits to all stakeholders viz industries, government and citizens. Some of these benefits are listed below:
Seamless Flow of Credit: GST will facilitate seamless credit across the entire supply chain and across all States under a common tax base.
Elimination of Cascading effect: Goods & Service Tax would eliminate the cascading effects of taxes on production and distribution cost of goods and services. The exclusion of cascading effects i.e. tax on tax will significantly improve the competitiveness of original goods and services in market will lead to beneficial impact to the GDP growth of the country. It is felt that GST would serve a superior reason to achieve the objective of streamlining indirect tax regime in India which can remove cascading effects in supply chain till the level of final consumers.
Revenue Gain: Revenue will increase under GST regime because of widening of the dealer base by capturing value addition in the distributive trade and increased compliance.
Enhanced Transparency: GST regime shall enhance transparency in the indirect tax framework and is expected to bring down the rate of inflation.
Zero rated Exports: Under the GST regime, exports will be zero rated in entirety unlike the present system where refund of some taxes is not allowed due to fragmented nature of indirect taxes between the Centre and the States. All taxes paid on the goods or services exported or on the inputs or input services used in the supply of such export goods or services shall be refunded.
GST will boost Indian exports, thereby improving the balance of payments position. Exporters will be facilitated by grant of provisional refund of 90% of their claims within seven days of issue of acknowledgement of their application, thereby resulting in the easing of position with respect to cash flows.
Increased Uniformity: Uniform GST rates will reduce the incentive for evasion by eliminating rate arbitrage between neighbouring States and that between intra and inter-State sales. Harmonization of laws, procedures and rates of tax will make compliance easier and simple.
There would be common definitions, common forms/formats, common interface through GST portal, resulting in efficiencies and synergies across the board. This will also remove multiple taxation of same transactions and inter-State disputes like the ones on entry tax and e-commerce taxation existing today.
Increased Certainty: Common procedures for registration of taxpayers, refund of taxes, uniform formats of tax return, common tax base, common system of classification of goods or services along with timelines for every activity will lend greater certainty to taxation system.
Increased Digitalisation: GST is largely technology driven. The interface of the taxpayer with the tax authorities will be through the common portal (GSTN). There will be simplified and automated procedures for various processes such as registration, returns, refunds, tax payments, etc. All processes, be it applying for registration, filing of returns, payment of taxes, filing of refund claims etc., would be done online through GSTN. The input tax credit will be verified online. Electronic matching of input tax credit across India will make the process more transparent and accountable. This will encourage a culture of compliance. This will also greatly reduce the human interface between the taxpayer and the tax administration, leading to speedy decisions.
Key Features of GST
The following are the key features of the GST model:-
- Dual Goods and Service Tax : CGST and SGST
- Inter-State Transactions and the IGST Mechanism:The Centre would levy and collect the Integrated Goods and Services Tax (IGST) on all inter-State supply of goods and services. The IGST mechanism has been designed to ensure seamless flow of input tax credit from one State to another. The inter-State seller would pay IGST on the sale of his goods to the Central Government after adjusting credit of IGST, CGST and SGST on his purchases (in that order). The exporting State will transfer to the Centre the credit of SGST used in payment of IGST. The importing dealer will claim credit of IGST while discharging his output tax liability (both CGST and SGST) in his own State. The Centre will transfer to the importing State the credit of IGST used in payment of SGST.
- Destination-Based Consumption Tax:GST will be a destination-based tax. This implies that all SGST collected will ordinarily accrue to the State where the consumer of the goods or services sold resides.
- Computation of GST on the basis of invoice credit method: The liability under the GST will be invoice credit method i.e. cenvat credit will be allowed on the basis of invoice issued by the suppliers.
- Payment of GST: The CGST and SGST are to be paid to the accounts of the central and states respectively.
- Goods and Services Tax Network (GSTN):A not-for-profit, Non-Government Company called Goods and Services Tax Network (GSTN), jointly set up by the Central and State Governments will provide shared IT infrastructure and services to the Central and State Governments, tax payers and other stakeholders.
- INPUT TAX CREDIT (ITC) SET OFF : ITC for CGST & SGST will be taken for taxes allowed against central and state respectively.
- GST on Imports : Centre will levy IGST on inter-State supply of goods and services.Import of goods will be subject to basic customs duty and IGST.
- Maintenance of Records : A taxpayer or exporter would have to maintain separate details in books of account for availment, utilization or refund of Input Tax Credit of CGST, SGST and IGST.
- Administration of GST : Administration of GST will be the responsibility of the GST Council , which will be the apex policy making body of the GST. Members of GST Council comprised of the Central and State ministers in charge of the finance portfolio.
- Goods and Service Tax Council: The GST Council will be a joint forum of the Centre and the States. The Council will make recommendations to the Union and the States on important issues like tax rates, exemption list, threshold limits, etc. One-half of the total number of Members of the Council will constitute the quorum of GST council.
- Tax layers under proposed GST Model
- Filing of GST Returns
- GST on E- Commerce Transactions
- Returns Under GST
- GST Current Tax Structure and proposed GST Regime
- Role of CMAs in GST in India
- Difference Between Present Tax and GST Structure
- Impact of GST in Indian Economy
- HSN Code
- GST Registration
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